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  • Sustainable Civil Engineering – “Engineering for Sustainable Development”

    Sustainable development can be seen as a process of development where socio-economic and technological concerns are placed within eco-centric concerns, or human expectations and aspirations are satisfied by the use of the skills and economic structure of engineers. Environmentally centered concerns are satisfied, in other words, for the planet to sustain us.

    Under this topic, as growth progresses, we face three types of concerns:

    • Community-centered concerns, or human expectations and aspirations.
    • Techno-centric concerns, which include the techno-economic systems or skills that engineers continue to use and the economic system we use.
    • Eco-centric concerns or the planet’s ability to sustain us, by providing material and energy needs, and by accommodating our emissions and waste.

    We cannot use technology as it has no environmental or social impacts. Often civil engineers are responsible for guiding the decision-making process on materials, energy and water, and infrastructure development. So civil engineers must be key players in sustainable development, and as citizens we have a duty to act as isolated technicians. One implication is that the engineer may face the dilemma of his responsibility to his immediate client or client and the community at large, which can sometimes be in conflict. In such situations, the strength of the engineer will be a good understanding and understanding of the guiding principles of sustainable development and the alternatives available to him to meet the client’s needs in a sustainable manner.

    Despite growing awareness of the importance of sustainable development in the world, engineers are called upon to design, build and manage complex systems or simple systems to manage complex demands. However, the context in which the engineer should operate is redefined by the need for sustainable development. This is a new integrated policy, not a set of tools that can be incorporated into existing engineering capabilities. To achieve sustainable development, professional training in engineering must have a wider scope than creating elegant solutions to short-mentioned technical problems. The challenges faced by civil engineers in sustainable development is in their contribution to society

    1. Reduce the adverse environmental and social aspects of developments.
    2. Improve their environmental performance
    3. Improve their contribution to high quality living.
    4. Help the community move towards a more sustainable lifestyle, and
    5. Make sure that products, services and infrastructure that meet these criteria are highly competitive in the market place

    This work is essential and urgent, and demands innovation, creativity and other traditional engineering skills, along with the ability to work in many fields. This requires a new outlook on the world and a readiness to adopt new ways of thinking about future impacts – the negative and positive of their actions.


    Aman Tiwari

    Asst, Prof-Civil (IIST)



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